Fuzeboy – Status Update – [9 AUG 2017]

As some of you might know, Fuzeboy’s project scope changed considerably during its development. There’s been an overhaul of features, specifications, goals and deadlines.

A small mobile game…

Originally thought to be a quick mobile only game, we then shifted our vision a bit to make it playable on desktops as well; now we decided to abandon the mobile world altogether to focus exclusively on the Desktop platform.

This opened up a ton of possibilities as we’re not limited to touchscreen inputs anymore. The very essence of the game changed, as we made changes to game mechanics, enriching and expanding the world of Fuzeboy.

This is the tower with the locked doors… very mysterious…

Fuzeboy’s going to be a full fledged, complete platformer game for desktops (Win, Linux, Mac) but we’re not yet ready to show anything new to the world as I’m rewriting it from scratch in GameMaker Studio 2 while Darftey is reviewing (and adapting) all of the graphics.

We’re also starting a new project. Not because we suffer from shiny object syndrome (basically a disease of distraction) but because rewriting Fuzeboy from scratch, made it possible for us to reset our mental state.

Although far from a possible Fuzeboy-induced burnout, our mental state was then set for something new; different. That not only applied to Fuzeboy, but to both of us as a game development team. We took a step back and looked at our future as team Blocksword. And we saw things…

As we reviewed and re-started Fuzeboy, we reviewed our plans, projects and priorities as well. And we saw this…

Here’s a small teaser GIF

Due to the overwhelmingly positive feedback we received, we’re now thinking about making it our primary focus. We’re also considering funding as I didn’t plan to live off of my savings for this long without publishing a commercial title.

Two projects, two options

Should we decide to crowdfund the new game, we will have to define a clear project scope and commit exclusively to that for the time it will take to ship it. In that case the development of Fuzeboy will be put on hold (let’s say we will change it’s queue priority). As of now this is the most probable scenario.

Should we decide to keep going without funding (or fail at funding), we’ll suffer from a bit of a slowdown. I will have to seek a part-time job (or something) while working on both games at our discretion (we would have zero deadlines and relatively more freedom in the way we manage and evolve our own projects).

All of this might annoy someone; especially those who were waiting for Fuzeboy anytime soon this year. Especially if they were waiting for a mobile game. We know it and we don’t like when people get annoyed because of us; we will make up for it.

In conclusion

To sum it up: we’re working on the new Fuzeboy while defining the scope of this second project and defining the resources we need to allocate to each of these projects. Just know that we could completely shift our focus toward this new RPG game very soon (we’re evaluating feedback).

Sprites with different images dimensions in GameMaker Studio 2

When you try to import multiple images into a single sprite in GameMaker Studio 2, you could end up with unexpected results. Specifically, if the images have different sizes (width and height), the sprite size will be equal to that of the largest image, but all the other images will be imported stretched to fill the canvas (effectively ruining the sprite).

Continue reading Sprites with different images dimensions in GameMaker Studio 2

Advanced Animation Control in GameMaker Studio 2 – Method 1

Let’s say that you have a sprite with a complex animation (i.e. variable frame rate). As you can see from the following image, each frame will play at a specific time (I use a simple Photoshop script to export the frames, I’ll write an article about it later).

This is the folder’s content, exported from Photoshop. File naming scheme is important.

Continue reading Advanced Animation Control in GameMaker Studio 2 – Method 1

GameMaker Studio 2 Linux Configuration

This article will guide you through the setup of a Xubuntu 16.04 LTS Virtual Machine to test, compile and run your GameMaker Studio 2 projects on Linux.

I’m choosing Xubuntu instead of Ubuntu simply because Xubuntu is less resource hungry (and my notebook is 5 years old). The resulting package will run just fine on Ubuntu machines as well.

Continue reading GameMaker Studio 2 Linux Configuration

How I Scale Fuzeboy Resolution on Mobile and Desktop Devices

Fuzeboy's still in development so it's only natural that sometimes I take time to rewrite stuff, to fix things, to experiment and so on. We try, we break, we fix, we extend, we change. We evolve.
A scene from Fuzeboy. There's only one way to view pixel art... and that is with pixel perfect scaling.
One issue we faced from the start, is the game resolution. What we knew was that we wanted pixel perfect scaling no matter what. Remember that this game will be both for mobile and desktop.Here's my solution as of today.

The Ideal Game Resolution

Fuzeboy cares about its height. The width depends on the monitor aspect ratio (within reasonable limits). The ideal height of Fuzeboy is around 240px. Keep this in mind.

Pixel Perfect, Full Screen, No Black Bars (didn't work)

This approach was the first I used. Since not every device has a vertical resolution that's a multiple of 240px, I allowed different devices to show more or less "game world".First I get the display vertical resolution. Then I cycle from 200px to 300px to see which one fits perfectly the device vertical resolution. If I don't find a perfect fit, I give up and just use 240px.

Fuzeboy on Devices, method 1

DeviceResolution (vertical)Game Vertical ResolutionMultiplier
Amazon Kindle Fire 7"1024 x 600 (600)3002
Samsung S3 Mini800 x 480 (480)2402
Asus MeMO Pad 71280 x 800 (800)2004
This doesn't work. It's pixel perfect most of the times, there are no black bars... but you might end up seeing an unplayable 200px vertical resolution on a 7" tablet.
We don't want this to happen... do we?
Let's have a look at an Amazon Kindle Fire 7"
This is better. Or... is it?
There's a huge 100px difference in height from the Asus to the Kindle. The Fire users would have been able to see 50% more game world than the Asus players. That's wrong. Especially since Asus has a higher screen resolution than the Amazon Fire.

Pixel Perfect, Black Bars (in use as of today)

First of all I decided to restrict the range of vertical resolution of the game. Now it's from 230px to 260px. Still a 30px difference but it's bearable.So I still ask for the device vertical resolution, of course. Then I check which number, from 230 to 260, fits best. By that I mean it either fits perfectly or has the lowest remainder.This is the initialization script. It goes inside the create event of the very first object created in the game.I also leave the view settings in the room editor as they are. Disabled. I enable them via code.
///scr_init_display()

// Let's disable the drawing of the App Surface
application_surface_draw_enable(false);

dw = display_get_width()        // Device Display Width
dh = display_get_height()       // Device display height
ar = dw / dh                    // Aspect Ratio

min_h   = 230                   // Minimum Height
max_h   = 260                   // Maximum Height
height  = min_h                 // We start from the minimum
fract   = frac(dh / height)     // This is the fractional part
mult    = floor(dh / height)    // This is integer multiplier

// We cycle from min_h to max_h
for (var h = min_h; h < max_h + 1; h++)
{   
    var new_fract   = frac(dh / h)
    var new_mult    = floor(dh / h)
    
    // If we have a lower remainder, we store
    // the multiplier and the height we're testing
    if new_fract < fract
    {
        fract   = new_fract
        height  = h
        mult    = new_mult
    }
}

// This will show you the found resolution in the debug console
show_debug_message("Found resolution: " + string(height))

// Width gets decided with a simple division
width = floor(dw / mult)

// And made divisible by 2
if width mod 2 != 0
    width--

/***************************************************
  SET THE VIEW AND THE PORT FOR ALL ROOMS
 ***************************************************/
var i   = true;
var rm  = room_next(room);
while (i)
{
    room_set_view(rm, 0, true, 0, 0, width, height, 0, 0, width * mult, height * mult, 0, 0, -1, -1, -1)
    room_set_view_enabled(rm, true)
    if (rm == room_last)
        i = false
    else
        rm = room_next(rm)
}

// Resize the application surface
surface_resize(application_surface, width, height);

// Let the GUI layer be as big as the device screen
display_set_gui_size(dw, dh)

gw = display_get_gui_width()    // GUI width variable
gh = display_get_gui_height()   // GUI height variable

// We'll need these to figure out the touch commands coordinates
wscale = width / (dw / mult)
hscale = height / (dh / mult)

// Let's figure out the App Surface offset (we want it centered)
Xoffset = floor((dw - (width * mult)) / 2);     // Horizontal Offset
Yoffset = floor((dh - (height * mult)) / 2);    // Vertical Offset

/// Go Fullscreen on desktop
if os_type == os_windows
{
    window_set_fullscreen(true)
}
Then we need to draw the App Surface. So in the game controller object, I have the following code in a Post Draw event.
///Draw the App Surface with correct offset

// This line prevents strange artifacts in Fuzeboy.
draw_enable_alphablend(false);

// The real drawing.
draw_surface_ext(application_surface, Xoffset, Yoffset, mult, mult, 0, c_white, 1);
If I run the game on the Amazon tablet, the result is this:
The game now has a height of 260px

Fuzeboy on Devices, method 2

DeviceResolution (vertical)Game Vertical ResolutionMultiplierBlack bars top/bottom
Amazon Kindle Fire 7"1024 x 600 (600)260220px
Samsung S3 Mini800 x 480 (480)24020
Asus MeMO Pad 71280 x 800 (800)260310px
Now the game scales much better.

Let's fix the Touch Controls.

Those touch buttons share the obj_touch parent so I can do this in the controller Begin Step event.
// Add these in the display init script
xoffsetmult = (Xoffset / mult)
yoffsetmult = (Yoffset / mult)
// Touch Controls
for (var dev = 0; dev < 4; dev++)
{
    touch_dev       = dev
    var _xpos = (device_mouse_x_to_gui(dev) / mult) + view_xview - xoffsetmult
    var _ypos = (device_mouse_y_to_gui(dev) / mult) + view_yview - yoffsetmult
    
    var this_button = instance_position(_xpos, _ypos, obj_touch);
    
    if this_button != noone
    {
        if device_mouse_check_button(dev, mb_left)
        { 
            with(this_button)
            {
                touch_press_action()
            }
        }
        
        
        if device_mouse_check_button_pressed(dev, mb_left)
        {
            with(this_button)
            {
                touch_pressed_action()
            }
        }

        
        if device_mouse_check_button_released(dev, mb_left)
        {
            with(this_button)
            {
                touch_released_action()
            }
        }
    }
}

The Future

As of today, I still experiment with the resolution of the game. I haven't found a perfect way to scale low res pixel graphic fullscreen with no black bars and no distortion... simply because such a way doesn't exist.Things change frequently around here, so we'll see if I'm going to stick with this method or not. Feel free to let me know your ideas on this matter.

Optimizing Collision Code

As I said in a previous post about my platformer engine (the one I’m working on for Fuzeboy), I’m using Zack Bell‘s code as a base. Recently I started to look into ways to optimize such code without losing the functionality (slopes are a big feature of that simple collision/movement code).

Looks like I was able to gain some speed here…

And as someone once told me “sharing is how better games are made”… so here it is my “improved” version.

Continue reading Optimizing Collision Code

Basic Platformer Mechanics in GameMaker: Studio

I’m fond of platformers. It’s only natural that I spent the past year studying and refining platformer engines for GameMaker: Studio. Here’s what I actually use for my engine.

Fuzeboy early gameplay

Continue reading Basic Platformer Mechanics in GameMaker: Studio

Devlog #1 – GameMaker: Studio new Project

This entry marks the first entry of a new Devlog Series.

I’m currently working on a couple of GameMaker projects and I thought it might be useful to document my development process. I’ve been inspired to do so by reading the Loadworld Devlog PT. 2 by @ZackBellGames

Continue reading Devlog #1 – GameMaker: Studio new Project

Choosing the right resolution for a 2D Platformer

In this post I'll try to write down the thinking process I made when I chose to develop Kren at a 384x216 sceen resolution.

Tiles

Everything starts with the tiles. If you make tiles your measurement unit, you're going to be able to simplify the visualization process. I made this kind of reasoning: how many 16px square tiles do I want displayed vertically?

Can you count the tiles? (hint: it's 15x10)
Can you count the tiles? (hint: it's 15x10)

I wanted to be able to show at least 10 tiles. Which then I realized was a pretty low number for a Desktop game. That meant having a vertical resolution of 160px. That was the resolution of Metroid Zero Mission, on a Game Boy Advance. Granted, it looked great even on an emulator, on a Desktop PC... but... did I really want to go with that little number of tiles? Let's look at how others approached the problem...

This is what the player sees on the monitor. Notice the small character and the whole room is in the view.
This is what the player sees on the monitor in Axiom Verge. Notice the small character. Also the whole room is in the view.

Axiom Verge, a more modern desktop platformer, is displaying almost 17 tiles vertically, at a vertical resolution of 270px. So I had to stop and ponder a little. Was it enough? Was it too much?

Too much indeed. Axiom Verge displays gigantic environments around one of the smallest player character I've ever seen. The player's height to screen height ratio is absurd. But it works, for that game.

I wanted to keep a more claustrophobic feeling. Given I didn't want to mess with tile size, I had to display less tiles. Simply by reducing the resolution.

Aspect Ratio

Metroid Zero Mission has a resolution of 240x160. It's a 3:2 aspect ratio and it's not what most computers use today (or even back in the days). In fact the 16:9 aspect ratio is now almost a universal standard. Or at least you can find it in most of the TV sets, desktops and notebooks you see around.

Back to Axiom Verge. It's 16:9, which is great. But I already chose not to go with a resolution as high as 480x270 because I want less tiles on the screen.

Don't get me wrong. If you want to be able to display a great number of 16x16 tiles on the screen, 480x270 is a really great option. I would advise you go with that resolution! It's 1/16th the pixel area of a Full HD monitor. Which means it scales pretty well without pixel interpolation artifacts (you multiply 480 and 270 by 4 and you get the 1920x1080 Full HD resolution).

Next, I looked at the closest 16:9 resolution available with almost the same vertical resolution as the Game Boy Advance: 288x162.

I made a few tests at this resolution and even though I liked it (a lot), it doesn't scale well. There's no easy way to scale the 288x162 resolution to perfectly fit a 1920x1080 monitor. That means problems. Also, even though I liked the effect, it really is a little bit ugly. And maybe a little too much claustrophobic, even for my game; there's barely enough space to fit 10 tiles, vertically. Given my player's height is a bit more than 2 tiles, it meant huge player (yes, you can draw a different character), really small "field of view" and ugly pixels.

The 384 x 216 Compromise

I finally found the optimal compromise resolution: 384x216. Multiply that by 5 and you get the Full HD resolution. This should avoid pixel interpolation distortions. It also allows me to display 13.5 tiles vertically. This is not that far from the Game Boy Advance look, but it sits nicely between Metroid Zero Mission and Axiom Verge.

Testing the resolution and the view size. Notice the size of the Player and the smaller visible area.
What the hell is this?! (just a fun way to test player size, resolutions and ratios). It gave me familiar elements to gauge my observations.

I don't want the player to feel small, inside gigantic environments. I want the players to feel the environment around them. Leaving him/her with little air. But not as little as in Metroid ZM on the GBA. All with a modern 16:9 look.

I found my own resolution with this process and a bit of testing. It might not be the best approach (in fact I'm sure I might have missed some other considerations) but for now it's working great. Your mileage may vary so I recommend a lot of testing.

How I positioned the tileset in my tech demo

In the earlier tech demo, I had positioned a truckload of similar tilesets. Those bluish/greyish square blocks are not hand picked. I did not make that work in the level editor. I got inspired by the Smart Tile Objects tutorial by HeartBeast.

I simply downloaded the Square Blocks Textures from OpenGameArt.org, cut and pasted a bit in Paint.net to adapt it to my needs, and imported the end result as a background in GameMaker Studio.

My background version. Easier to import in GameMaker Studio.
My background version. Easier to import in GameMaker Studio.

I made so that when the floor/wall object (which is invisible) is created, it places random tile from that background into the level. Covering the same surface the object covers.

This makes for a pretty quick and dirty way to test a level with low object counts. Also gives me a little “randomized” effect every time I start the level.

What if I don’t want all that randomness? It’s as easy as using random_set_seed(1)

So, here is the create event of the smart object.

tile_fill_object(id, bg_blocks_16, 16, false)

And here is the tile_fill_object script

///tile_fill_obj(obj, tile, tile_size, randomize_tiles)

var obj         = argument[0]
var tile        = argument[1]
var tile_size   = argument[2]
var rand        = argument[3]

var col_num = background_get_width(tile) div tile_size
var row_num = background_get_height(tile) div tile_size

if !rand
{
    random_set_seed(1)
}

for (var row = 0; row < obj.image_yscale; row += 1)
{
    for (var col = 0; col < obj.image_xscale; col += 1)
    {
        var col_index = irandom(col_num - 1)
        var row_index = irandom(row_num - 1)

        tile_add(tile, col_index * tile_size, row_index * tile_size, tile_size, tile_size, obj.x + (col * tile_size), obj.y + (row * tile_size), obj.depth)
    }
}

This is how it looks in the level editor

Level editor with few big Smart Tile Objects
Level editor with few big Smart Tile Objects

While this is how it looks in the game

Same few big smart tiles objects. But with randomized tiles.
Same few big smart tiles objects. But with randomized tiles.